This policy brief is designed to examine the role of local cleantech startups in addressing the environmental complexities faced by DKI Jakarta, a megapolis with a population reaching 10.67 million and an area spanning 664 square kilometers. The analysis in this document identifies the extensive use of fossil fuels in the energy sector as the primary cause of increased carbon emissions and pollutant releases. The transition towards renewable energy is hindered by factors such as limited land availability, surging urbanization, and intensive industrial activities. The escalating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and pollutants in Jakarta have significant adverse effects, including weather fluctuations and deteriorating public health.
High levels of air pollution pose a serious threat to the government and citizens of DKI Jakarta, with hazardous consequences such as respiratory issues, heart diseases, and lung cancer. Consequently, decisive policies are imperative to address these challenges. Referring to the current landscape of the electricity, transportation, and energy efficiency sectors in industries/buildings, policy strategies that can be implemented to reduce GHG and pollutant emissions include reducing fossil energy dependence in local power plants, promoting the use of renewable energy sources, especially solar power, and establishing a low-carbon transportation ecosystem.
This policy brief outlines potential solutions to assist in the implementation of emission reduction policy strategies through empowering local cleantech startups. By introducing innovative renewable energy technologies, these startups can become strategic partners for the provincial government of DKI Jakarta. These efforts are anticipated not only to address environmental issues but also to create new green job opportunities. Through successful case studies from other major cities, this article provides a comprehensive insight into the cleantech startup ecosystem in the Jakarta region, offering a portrayal of the challenges and developmental potential. Thus, this article not only presents an in-depth analysis but also serves as a foundation for policies that can have a positive impact on the environment and economy of Jakarta.